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BÀI 1. Âm tiết tiếng Việt - Vietnamese Syllable

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12/03/24 08:29:22

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BÀI 1. ÂM TIẾT TIẾNG VIỆT
Vietnamese Syllable

 

Khái niệm - Concept

Syllable is a concept that refers to the sounds we make in a sequence of speech. Each syllable is separated and broken into a separate segment. In terms of pronunciation, syllables are whole and indivisible.
Vietnamese syllables have the ability to express meaning and have a strict structure.

Cấu trúc âm tiết tiếng Việt - Vietnamese syllable structure

In the Vietnamese language, the syllable is the minimal meaningful unit that cannot be divided into smaller meaningful parts. Each syllable consists of five components:

(1) a tone

(2) a nuclei vowel
(3) an initial consonant
(4) a sound indicating the labialization (o/u)
(5) a final consonant or semi-vowel.

The structure of the Vietnamese syllable can be presented as follows:

(1) Thanh điệu (Tone)

(3)

(4)

(2)

(5)

Phụ âm đầu
Initial consonant

Âm đệm

Labialization

Âm chính (hạt nhân)

Nuclei vowel

Phụ âm / bán nguyên âm cuối

Final consonant/semi-vowel


Lưu ý (Notes):

Vị trí (1) bao trùm toàn âm tiết (Position (1) covers the entire syllable);

Vị trí (1) và (2) không bao giờ vắng mặt trong âm tiết (Positions (1) and (2) are never absent in a syllable).
   
Vietnamese syllables may lack some positions in the above structure. The levels of structure can be as follows:
1. The minimal structure has only 2 positions (1) and (2).
2. Syllables have 3 positions (1), (2), (3)
3. Syllables have 3 positions (1), (2), (5)
4. Syllables have 3 positions (1), (2), (3), (4)
5. Syllables have 3 positions (1), (2), (3), (5) – (The last sound is a consonant).
6. Syllables have 3 positions (1), (2), (3), (5) – (The last sound is a final semi-vowel).
7. Syllables have 3 positions (1), (2), (3), (4), (5)

Đánh vần âm tiết tiếng Việt - Spelling Vietnamese syllables


In English, a word can have many syllables. For example: he (1 syllable), city (2 syllables), amazing (3 syllables). Therefore, the number of words and syllables in English sentences is often different. For example:

(1) I will come to Viet-nam (5 words, 6 syllables)
(2) I am stu-dy-ing Viet-nam-ese. (4 words, 8 syllables).

Vietnamese is completely different with English, each syllable is written as a separate word. For example:

(3) Tôi - sẽ - đến - Việt - Nam. (5 syllables, 5 words, pronounced in 5 sounds, with clear pauses between sounds).
(4) Tôi - đang - học - tiếng - Việt. (5 syllables, 5 words, pronounced in 5 sounds, with clear pauses between sounds).


Note that: The (-) mark is used to separate syllables in the above examples.

The way to spell syllables is quite simple:

(1) Remember and pronounce each sound of the letters you have learned correctly.
(2) Pronounce the letters in the word one by one.
(3) Coordinate with tones to create syllables.

Note that: Tone is no mark in syllables (thanh ngang) do not need to be pronounced when spelling.
For example 2:

(1) ý: y sắc ý; ỷ: y hỏi ỷ
(2) la: lờ - a - la / la;
     tà: tờ - a - ta - huyền - tà / tà
(3) ơi: ơ - i - ơi / ơi
     ầm: â - mờ - âm - huyền - ầm / ầm
(4) hoa: hờ - oa - hoa
     tùy: tờ - uy - tuy - huyền - tùy / tùy
(5) lan: lờ - an - lan / lan
     cát: cờ - át - sắc - cát / cát
     cảm: cờ - am - hỏi - cảm / cảm
(6) cái: cờ - ai - sắc - cái / cái
      tay: tờ - ay - tay / tay
(7) xoan: xờ - oan - xoan / xoan
     toàn: tờ - oan - toan - huyền - toàn / toàn

 

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BÀI 1. Âm tiết tiếng Việt - Vietnamese Syllable
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  • Date
    12/03/2024 08:22:29
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